Categories
Project: Visualization

Poverty and Homelessness; Stigma and Relief: Real World Solutions

This semester I researched poverty and homelessness in the United States of America’s history, specifically where the stigma around poverty and homelessness may have originated. I also explored possible effective solutions. For my Omeka Project I focused on the opinion of the public on poverty contemporary to Jane Addams, her creation of Hull house, and on aid the Works Progress Administration provided to those unemployed during the Great Depression. This naturally led to questions of: is the stigma still around today, how people are combating the stigma today, and how are cities and countries working to end poverty and homelessness within their borders?

The sources of information I utilized were varied and included historical documents, scholarly research papers, and publicly available videos. In one source a Helsinki, Finland study on the long-term life of homeless people was conducted by a group that checking in with participants a decade after they used a shelter where they were doing their study. This type of long-term study has not been done before as homeless people move from place to place, die, or find permanent housing. Additionally, I found that Jane Addams had written and given speeches tying crime to moral deficiency and implying those who needed social reform were morally deficient. Other reading revealed the Works Progress Administration was ended during World War II because of the societal stigma around poverty. I found a project in Finland called the Y-Foundation which gives homes to homeless people which may be model for possible solutions in the United States of America. Further toward possible American solutions the Salvation Army in La Crosse, Wisconsin is working to reduce the stigma around poverty and homelessness. Lastly, I found a Youtube channel called Invisible People that tells the story of the homeless people the founder meets. The lingering question I have as a result of my research is: what is the best way to inform the public and legislatures that more solutions to poverty and homelessness need implemented, including possibly theY-Foundation model?

Link to Adobe Spark site: https://spark.adobe.com/page/oI0AIrQR6Tyuq/


Sources

Addams, Jane. “The Reaction of Modern Life Upon Religious Education, February 11, 1910.” Jane Addams: Digital Edition. Date Accessed March 3, 2020. https://digital.janeaddams.ramapo.edu/items/show/4957

Addams, Jane. “The Reaction of Moral Instructions Upon Social Reform, April 3, 1909.” Jane Addams: Digital Edition. Date Accessed March 3, 2020. https://digital.janeaddams.ramapo.edu/items/show/4958

Addams, Jane “Citizen’s Anti-Crime Committee.” Jane Addams: Digital Addition. Date Accessed April 29, 2020. http://digital.janeaddams.ramapo.edu/items/show/17013

Comeondivein. “Jane Addams Hull House.” Date Accessed April 30, 2020. https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/e30da379-bb5e-4537-8d10-175a6c07d4e1

Henley, Jon. ” ‘It’s A Miracle’: Helsinki’s Radical Solution to Homelessness.” Date Published June 3, 2019. Date Accessed April 30, 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/jun/03/its-a-miracle-helsinkis-radical-solution-to-homelessness

Sikora, Maija. “Salvation Army in La Crosse Fights to End the Stigma Around Homelessness.” The Racquet Press. https://theracquet.org/6784/news/salvation-army-in-la-crosse-fights-to-end-the-stigma-around-homelessness/

Stenius-Ayoade, Agnes, Peija Haaramo, Hannu Kautiainen, Sanna Sunikka, Mika Gissler, Kristian Wahlbeck, and Johan G Eriksson. “Morbidity and Housing Status 10 Years after Shelter Use—follow-up of Homeless Men in Helsinki, Finland.” European Journal of Public Health 28, no. 6 (December 2018): 1092–97. doi:10.1093/eurpub/cky038.

Morgan Austin, Morgan. “Street Sense.” Streetsensedc. Date Accessed April 30, 2020. https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/b9969934-4a54-418e-ad91-1d44cbe4eaf7

Threthny. “No Rest.” Date Accessed April 30, 2020. https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/24a3ba1a-8bde-4667-b99a-820fbf306af4

Watkins, Kenneth L. Hunger, Homelessness, Poverty, and Unemployment Effects on Crime: A Study of Twenty-five American Cities. Atlanta University, 1987. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12322/cau.td:1987_watkins_kenneth_l

Williams, Aubrey. “Twelve Million Unemployed: What Can Be Done?: The Problem Of Unemployment Has Been Intensified By The Recent Business Recession, And Congress Has Appropriated An Additional $250,000,000 To Carry On The Task Of The Works Progress Administration Until July 1. In The Following Article The Vast And Complex Problem Of Relief Is Discussed From A Long-Range Point Of View. Deputy Administrator Works Progress Administration Deputy WPA Administrator Asks The Country To Accept A Long-Range National Relief Plan.” New York Times (1923-Current File), Mar 27, 1938. https://login.proxy006.nclive.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/102666319?accountid=8337.


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